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The masterminds who were born in ancient India were more inclined towards finding out new things rather than indulging themselves in military affairs. In ancient India at around five hundred BC, most of the number systems which were formulated were based on the requirements of the time. And the main requirement of those days was the number system of weights and measurements. This was so because weights were required for exchanging materials through the barter system and measurements were required for construction purposes and we all know that during that decade many temples and many new townships were constructed.

The decimal number system which is being used in today’s world is called the “Arabian Number System". Though this number system is called Arabian it was been invented by Indian masterminds. This system is so called only because in the ninth century this number system was popularized among Western countries through the Arabs.

The decimal–based place value system which are regularly used nowadays is attributed to the great Indian scholar Aryabhata I. The use of zero and the other nine digits of the decimal system made a huge impact on the sciences as well as other subjects. The Indian number system is derived from the Sanskrit language and the number system’s formal publication was made during the Gupta period around 320-540 BC.

The main concept of the present decimal-based place value system is that the placement of each and every number is important and can lead to different values. The number zero which is found by India has two main purposes – firstly, it represents a sign meaning nothing and secondly, as a number to be used in different types of calculation. This helped people to make calculations more easily.

This Hindu-Arabic number system is used in almost everything and the base ten number has proves to be very useful. Various scholars have raised their voice against this system saying that it is not appropriate but until now the Hindu-Arabic number system has proved to be the best and most useful.
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